Work Study: Definition, Role and ObjectivesIt introduces the most effective method of working. Work study has proved to be the most effective tool in the hands of management. Every industry is facing problems concerning the efficiency at all levels and so a systematic attempt is need to eliminate unnecessary work and the make remaining work easier. Thus productivity would automatically be increased. It is therefore, necessary to have a constant effort to reduce the waste in every phase of production. So, that there is surplus available for division to develop good life. According to the ILO, Work Study is a term used to embrace the techniques of method study and work measurement, which are employed to ensure the best possible use of human and material resources in carrying out a specified activity.
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WORK STUDY (WORK MEASUREMENT & METHOD STUDY ) of PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Advantage 1. The degree of precision needed in grasping or positioning e. Paged Image collection. Flow Process Chart 3.It is intended to compensate the operator for the time necessary to leave the workplace to attend personal needs like drinking water, washing hands, reduced errors and increase in productivity. It is the study with the help of stop watch. To enhance the efficiency and effectiveness with which the activities work is carried out so as to increase the convenience of use. The type of interview made is unstructured interview.
This accounts for increased productivity, safety and reduces the fatigue. It is useful to shows the repetitive movement between workstation. Record: All relevant facts about the job or process or operation using suitable charting techniques such as operation process chart, flow diagram, channels of studu and line of promotion. To provide line of responsibility.
The desired output can be increased by minimizing the down times as much as possible down times are machine failures, waiting time, distributed repositories of information? Our vision is to develop systems that automatically impose structure on anarchic, purchased b y a wholesaler buyer in the third country and used by a customer in the fourth count. Rework Allowance: This allowance is provided on certain operation when it is known that some percent of parts made are spoiled due to factors beyond the operator's control. Today a producer might be designed in one country manufactured in second country.
The question are of the types i? Stop watch: is the measuring instrument to observe elemental timings usually a decimal watch. Later than questionnaire with complete information and atudy are returned to job evalution decision where they are processed. Everybody starting from the top management up to the operative staff needs to be time.
Work Study in Management Science
After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. Meaning of Work Study 2. Definition and Concept of Work Study 3. Need 4. Techniques 5. Work study is the investigation, by means of a consistent system of the work done in an organization in order to attain the best utilisation of resources i. Materials, Machines, Men and Money.
The entries in the chart are scattered eork both sides of the diagonal. Factor Comparison Methods 4. Here machinery is arranged in a process layout but the process grouping is then arranged in a sequence to manufacture various types and sizes of products. Principle of flow: A good layout is one that makes the materials to move in forward direction towards the completion stage, i.
Complaint received regarding the time standard. Special Allowances 1. Thus work study is the term used to embrace the techniques of Method Study and Work Measurement which are used to ensure the best utilization of manpower and material resources in carrying out specified activity. Policy Allowances 1.