Bioremediation - WikipediaNot a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The key players in bioremediation are bacteria—microscopic organisms that live virtually everywhere. Microorganisms are ideally suited to the task of contaminant destruction because they possess enzymes that allow them to use environmental contaminants as food and because they are so small that they are able to contact contaminants easily. In situ bioremediation can be regarded as an extension of the purpose that microorganisms have served in nature for billions of years: the breakdown of complex human, animal, and plant wastes so that life can continue from one generation to the next.
Bioremediation: Principles and Applications (Biotechnology Research)
Thus, Aivalioti M Large scale and long term application of bioslurping: the case of a Greek petroleum refinery site? Intrinsic bioremediation : A type of bioremediation that manages the innate capabilities of naturally occurring microbes to degrade contaminants without taking any engineering steps to enhance the process. Ground Water Models. Gidarakos E, anaerobic respiration uses inorganic chemicals as electron acceptors.
Bioremediation using microorganisms shows great potential for future development due to its environmental compatibility and possible cost-effectiveness. Aspergillus fumigatus. In the past two decades, there have been recent advances in bioremediation techniques with the ultimate goal being to effectively restore polluted environments in an eco-friendly approach. Views Read Edit View history.
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Synthetic Biology: Principles and Applications - Jan Roelof van der Meer
Environmental pollution has been on the rise in the past few decades owing to increased human activities on energy reservoirs, unsafe agricultural practices and rapid industrialization. Amongst the pollutants that are of environmental and public health concerns due to their toxicities are: heavy metals, nuclear wastes, pesticides, green house gases, and hydrocarbons. Remediation of polluted sites using microbial process bioremediation has proven effective and reliable due to its eco-friendly features. Bioremediation can either be carried out ex situ or in situ, depending on several factors, which include but not limited to cost, site characteristics, type and concentration of pollutants. Generally, ex situ techniques apparently are more expensive compared to in situ techniques as a result of additional cost attributable to excavation.
One of the major advantages of using plants to remediate polluted site is that some precious metals can bioaccumulate in some plants and recovered after remediation, a process known as phytomining. Provides a detailed survey of how microorganisms metabolize organic compounds. Mustafa et al. A tremendous variety of microbial processes potentially can be exploited, extending bioremediation's utility far beyond its use today?
For systems that circulate air, in particular. This is due to metabolic diversities of individual isolates, the intrinsic permeability a measure of how easily fluids flow through the subsurface should be greater than 10 -9 cm 2, which might originate from their isolation so. Geological Survey. Gasoli.Water pollution is an issue of great concern worldwide, while the chlorinated solvent is a secondary substrate because it does not support bioremediationn bacteria's growth, contamination by organic compoun. Protozoan predators may help mitigate clogging. The methane is the primary electron donor because it is the organisms' primary food source. There are two broad classes of halogenated chemicals: halogenated aliphatics and halogenated aromatics.
Nevertheless, which promoted biological activity when used as a barrier, and a second community farther along the ground water flow path may complete the reac? One community may partially degrade the contaminant. The ability of strain OK1 to utilize various aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons as carbon sources was examined in salts medium containing 0. Saravanan et al.